Cyber Security, Cloud Computing, Software Development: Which Should I Learn First?

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Choosing a specific career/ learning path in Information Technology can be quite challenging for a beginner. This is because you’ve got many options to pick from, and you can easily build a lucrative and successful career in whichever you pick. 

Some of the IT fields you can choose to build a career in include software development, data management, cyber security, cloud computing, project management, etc. However, how can you choose the best fit for you?

Well, most tutors say that first, you must decide which suits your personality and interests more. Then, you must learn and work with the core principles of your chosen field for a while. When you have sufficiently understood the fundamentals, you can begin building an expert portfolio in a specialty.

While all this may sound straightforward in writing, in reality, it isn’t. You have years of learning, relearning, and unlearning ahead of you. But with hard work, determination, and a healthy dose of patience, you can become successful. 

Some people prefer to take their learning process one step further and become multi-skilled IT professionals. The same rules apply. It is simply a matter of putting in the extra time and effort required to learn them all. 

CyberSecurity, Cloud Computing, Software Development: Which Should You Learn First?

Strictly speaking, there is no particular order on which of the three fields to learn first. However, it may be wiser, to begin with, software development before moving on to the others. 

The reason for this is simple. Software development is more of a general field, while the others are quite specialized. Here’s a short description, learning requirements, and available career options for each field. 

Software Development

This is probably the most popular career path in the IT field. Software developers are professionals who write codes and use software solutions to build apps, programs, and websites. 

They work with desktop programs and web platform development, amongst others. Their primary tasks include preserving and updating the current versions of the programs and platforms they work with. There are front-end, back-end, and full-stack software developers. 

To become a good software developer, you’ll need education (whether formal or self-taught) and experience. You could either get a college degree in computer science or simply take some online courses to get you started. 

During the learning process, you’ll be taught the core fundamentals of programming as well as some programming languages. Many front-end developers chose Javascript as their first programming language. Backend developers tend to pick Python to start with. 

Once you learn your first programming language, it becomes easy to learn another. While you may not be able to learn all, you should work on becoming an expert in the languages you’ll be working with.


The job of a cybersecurity specialist is to design and implement security measures to keep organizations’ IT infrastructures and networks safe. They also deal with data security breaches and mitigate the harmful effects of such attacks on the company. 

Cybersecurity professionals work in any field where data is important such as in government and banking and finance, law, health, education, and utility sectors. Job roles include security analysts, consultants, architects, engineers testers, cryptographers, risk analysts, incident managers, etc. 

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You’ll need expert knowledge of programming languages such as Java, Python, Ruby, C ++, and Power Shell to become a cybersecurity expert. You’ll also need to familiarise yourself with different firewalls and aspects of endpoint security.

Formal education is not necessary to learn cybersecurity. You can take online courses or join a cybersecurity online community. This way, you can engage in learning through active participation in volunteering and internships.

Cloud Computing 

Cloud computing provides fast, efficient, and cost-effective solutions to data storage problems. It is the IT field that is concerned with designing, planning, maintenance, and support data storage over the Internet. 

The major solutions in cloud computing are Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Software as a Service (SaaS), and Platform as a Service (PaaS). Career choices in this sub-field include cloud development, SysOps engineering, DevOps engineering, and data engineering.

To begin a career in cloud computing, you’ll need a strong understanding of data-oriented programming languages like Python and Java. You also need to understand the concept of virtualization. This helps you to create virtual environments where organizations unite their server areas with the cloud.

 You should have a solid knowledge of Linux operating systems and understand networking. Having a certification in AWS, Google Cloud, or Azure will also significantly boost your portfolio and increase your employment chances. 

In summary, all three fields make great career options. You’ll need almost equal measures of hard work, commitment, and patience to build expertise in them. However, you can begin with software development before proceeding to more specialized fields like cybersecurity and cloud computing.  Learn among others tech skills

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